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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the official name of the British Kingdom. It is situated on the British Isles. Their total area is over 244.000 square kilometres. Great Britain is separated from the continent by the English Channel and the North Sea. The narrowest part of the English Channel is called the Strait of Dover.
The UK is made up of four countries. They are England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. The capital of the UK is London. The UK is washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the north and the North Sea in the west. The two islands are separated by the Irish Sea.
The north of Scotland is mountainous. It's called the Highlands. Ben Nevis in Scotland is the highest mountain.
There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain, but they aren't very long. The longest of them is the Severn. The Thames is the deepest river.
The climate of Great Britain is generally mild due to the influence of the warm waters of the Gulf Stream. There is much rain and fog here. The population of the UK is over 57 million people.
The UK is a highly developed industrial country. One of the chief industries of the country is shipbuilding.
English is the official language of the UK.
Ifie United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. The monarch reigns with the support of
Parliament. The British Parliament consists of the House of Lords, the House of Commons and the
Sovereign as its head. *
Parliamentary elections must be held every five years. The minimum voting age is 18. and the is taken secret ballot.
main political parties in Great Britain are the Conservative and the Labour Party. The political part> which wins the majority of seats forms the Government and its leader usually becomes Prime Minister. The second largest party becomes the official opposition with its own leader and "Shadow cabinet".
London is the capital of the UK. its political, economic and commercial centre. It is one of the
irgest cities in the world. Its population is about 8 million.
What is the official name of the British Kingdom? What is the capital of the UK? How many rivers are there in Great Britain? What river in the UK is the longest (deepest) one? Why the climate of Great Britain is generally mild? What are the main industries of the UK? What is the official language of the UK? What parts does the British Parliament consist of? What are the main British political parties? How many people lives in the UK?
Маленькие уточнения - вопрос про the longest river лучше без one, а в последнем вопросе live (not lives); в вопросе про климат is будет перед the climate.
P.S. Скучнейшее задание
А если по простой школьной программе, когда is или are просто переносится в начало, например,Are there a lot of rivers in Great Britain? Ну, как нас учили...
# ya ya
St Valentine's Day has roots in several different legends that have found their way to us through the ages.One of the earliest popular symbols of the Valentine's day is Cupid, the Roman god of love, who is represented by the image of a young boy with bow and arrow.
Three hundred years after the death of Jesus Christ, the Roman emperors still demanded that everyone believe in the Roman gods. Valentine, a Christian priest, had been thrown in prison for his teachings. On February 14, Valentine was beheaded, not only because he was a Christian, but also because he had performed a miracle. He supposedly cured the jailer's daughter of her blindness. The night before he was executed, he wrote the jailer's daughter a farewell letter, signing it "From Your Valentine.
Another legend tells us that this same Valentine, well-loved by all, received notes to his jail cell from children and friends who missed him and got warm replies.
According to another legend, Valentine was an Italian bishop who lived at about the same time. He was thrown into prison because he secretly married couples, contrary to the laws of the Roman empire. The legend says that he was burnt at the stake.
February 14 was also a Roman holiday, held in honor of a goddess. Young men randomly chose the name of young girl to escort to the festivities. The custom of choosing a sweetheart on this date spread through Europe in the Middle Ages, and then to the early American colonies. Throughout the ages, people also believed that birds picked their mates on February 14!
In AD 496 Sain Pope Gelasius I declared February 14 as "Valentine's Day". Although it's not an official holiday, most Americans observe this day.Whatever the odd mixture of origins, St Valentine's Day is now a day for sweethearts. It is the day that you show your friend or loved one that you care. You can send candy to someone you think is special. Or you can send roses, the flower of love.
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London was not built as a city in the same way as Paris or New York. It began life as a Roman fortification at a place where it was possible to cross the River Thames. A wall was built around the town for defense, but during the long period of peace which followed the Norman Conquest, peo¬ple built outside the walls. This building continued over the years, especially to the west of the city. In 1665 there was a terrible plague in London, so many people left the city and escaped to the villages in the surrounding countryside. In 1666 the Great Fire of London ended the plague, but it also destroyed much of the city. Although people returned to live in the rebuilt city after the plague and the Great Fire, there were never again so many Londoners living in the city centre.
These days not many people live in the city centre either, but London has spread further outwards into the country, including surrounding villages. Today the me¬tropolis of Greater London covers some 1,580 sq. km and the suburbs of London continue even beyond this area. Some people even commute over 150 km every day to work in London, while living away from the city in the country or in other towns.
The gradual growth of the city helps explain the fact that London doesn't have just one centre, it has a number of centres, each with a distinct character: the financial and business centre called the City, the government centre in Westminster, the shopping and entertainment centre in the West End, the industrial centre in the East End.
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The City does not refer to the whole of central London but rather to a small area of the centre, which includes the site of the original Roman town. It is an area of 2,650 sq. km with a long and exciting history, and it is proud of its in¬dependence and traditional role as a centre of trade and commerce. This tradition is focused on the City's Lord Mayor, whose official residence is the Mansion House. Once a year, in November, the Lord Mayor's Show takes place. This is a colourful street parade in which the newly elected Lord Mayor travels in a golden coach, which is over 200 years old.
The City of London is one of the major banking centres of the world and you can find the banks of many nations in the famous Threadneedle Street and the surrounding area. Here, too, you will find the Bank of England and the Stock Exchange. A little further along in Leadenhall Street is Lloyds, the most famous insurance company in the world.
The centre of the country's judicial system is to be found in the western part of the City. The Old Bailey houses many courts. Many solicitors and barristers have their offices (called "chambers") nearby, particularly in the area known as the "Temple".
Fleet Street is famous as the home of the nation's news¬papers but, in fact, only two of them — The Daily Express and The Daily Telegraph — are still in Fleet Street. How¬ever, people still say "Fleet Street" to mean "the press".
Although hundreds of thousands of people (over 800,000) work in its offices by day, the City is almost de¬serted at night. Only about eight thousand actually live within the square mile.
There are some historic buildings in the City. St. Paul's Cathedral and the Tower of London are the most famous of them.
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St. Paul's Cathedral is the work of the famous architect Sir Christopher Wren. It is said to be one of the finest pieces of architecture in Europe. Work on Wren's masterpiece began in 1675 after the Norman church; old St. Paul's was destroyed in the Great Fire in 1666. The building of St. Paul's Cathedral went on for 35 years, and Wren was an old man before it was finished. From far away you can see the huge dome with a golden ball and cross on the top. The interior of the Cathedral is very beautiful. It is full of monuments. The most important, perhaps, is the one dedi¬cated to the Duke of Wellington. After looking around you can climb 263 steps to the Whispering Gallery, which runs round the dome. It is called so, because if someone whispers close to the wall on one side, a person with his ear close to the wall on the other side can hear what is said. But if you want to reach the foot of the ball, you have to climb 637 steps.
As for Christopher Wren, who is now known as "the ar¬chitect of London", he found his fame only after his death. He was buried in the Cathedral. Buried here are Nelson, Wellington, and Sir Joshua Reynolds.
The Tower on the north bank of the Thames is one of the most ancient buildings of London. It was founded in the 11th century by William the Conqueror. But each monarch left some kind of personal mark on it. For many centuries the Tower was a fortress, a palace, a prison and royal treas¬ury. It is now a museum of arms and armour, and, as one of the strongest fortresses in Britain, it has the Crown Jew¬els.
The grey stones of the Tower could tell terrible stories of violence and unjustice. Two queens were executed here, and two princes murdered. The ravens, whose forefathers used to find food in the Tower, still live here as part of its history. There is a legend that if the ravens disappear the Tower will fall. That is why the birds are carefully guarded. The Tower is guarded by the Yeomen Warders popu¬larly called "Beefeaters". Their everyday uniform is black and red, but on state occasions they wear a ceremonial dress which was in fashion in the 16th century.
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помогите пожалуйста составить 10 вопросов к тексту с использованием всех типов вопросов((
помогите задать 3 вопроса по тексту пожалуйстааааааа The economy comprises millions of people and thousands of firms as well as the government and local authorities, all taking decisions about prices and wages, what to buy, sell, produce, export, import and many other matters. All these organizations and the decisions they take play a prominent part in shaping the business environment in which firms exist and operate.
The economy is complicated and difficult to control and predict, but it is certainly important to all businesses. You should be aware that there are times when businesses and individuals have plenty of funds to spend and there are times when they have to cut back on their spending. This can have enormous implications for business as a whole.
When the economy is enjoying a boom, firms experience high sales and general prosperity. At such times, unemployment is low and many firms will be investing funds to enable them to produce more. They do this because consumers have plenty of money to spend and firms expect high sales. It naturally follows that the state of the economy is a major factor in the success of firms.
However, during periods when people have less to spend many firms face hard times as their sales fall. Thus, the economic environment alters as the economy moves into a recession.