Science and scientists
Are these sentences TRUE or FALSE? Correct false sentences (text “Science and scientists”)
1.There are thirty main groups of scientific studies.
2.Scientists before the 19th century were known as curious, often eccentric persons.
3.A theory is considered to become a part of scientific knowledge if it has been tested experimentally and proved to be true.
4.The word science is derived from the Greek "scientia", that means to learn, to conduct research.
5.Scientists study a lot of subjects
Science is a cumulative body of knowledge about the natural world, obtained by the application of a peculiar method practiced by the scientist. It is known that the word science itself is derived from the Latin "scientia", that means (1) … … … . Science covers the broad field of knowledge that deals with (2) … … … of these facts.
The word «scientist» was introduced in 1840 by a Cambridge professor of philosophy who wrote: «We need a name for (3) … … … in general. I should be inclined to call him a scientist». «The cultivators of science» before that time were known as «natural philosophers». They were curious, often eccentric persons. They started a technique of inquiry which is now referred as the «scientific method».
Scientists use (4) … … … of study to make observations and collect facts. Scientists study a wide variety of subjects. Some scientists search for the origin of the universe and (5) … … … of living plants and animals. Other researchers investigate why we act the way we do, or (6) … … … . They develop theories that help them order and unify facts. Scientific theories consist of (7) … … … or laws that attempt to explain how and why something happens or has happened. A theory is considered to become a part of scientific knowledge if it has been tested experimentally and proved to be true.
Scientific study can be divided into three major groups: (8) … … … . As scientific knowledge has grown and become more complicated, many new fields of science have appeared. At the same time, (9) … … … have become less and less clear. Numerous areas of science overlap each other and it is often hard to tell where one science ends and another begins. All sciences are closely interconnected.
Science has great influence on our lives. It provides the basis of modern technology – the tools and machines that (10) … … … . The discoveries and the inventions of scientists also help shape our view about ourselves and our place in the universe.
describing a cultivator of science
examine the structure of the cells
facts and the relationship
make our life and work easier
the boundaries between scientific fields
the natural, social, and technical sciences
to know, to have knowledge, to experience
try to solve complicated mathematical problems
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1 False.Tnere are 3 main groups. Остальные true.
describing a cultivator of science3
examine the structure of the cells5
facts and the relationship2
make our life and work easier10
the boundaries between scientific fields9
the natural, social, and technical sciences8
to know, to have knowledge, to experience. 1
try to solve complicated mathematical problems6
их нужно расставить