Помощь с переводом

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    Three distinct but related approaches—universal, selective, and indicated strategies—have emerged that reflect the prevention framework outlined by the Institute of Medicine.

    Do they occur when students are unengaged or unclear as to academic or behavioral expectations?

    How can the youth’s progress be monitored in a positive and supportive way to ensure that her or his developmental system does not reorganize in a negative manner?

    As individualized, comprehensive services are developed, establish or strengthen natural supports to bolster treatment efforts and to serve as positive developmental constraints. (What nontreatment activities or relationships can be developed that positively support the newly organized system and that can help to sustain it after treatment has ended?)