Как образовано слово «superb»
Что можно сказать о происхождении и образовании слова superb?
С английского «superb» переводится как великолепный, роскошный, формант super является международным, но что означает b на конце слова? Каков способ его образования?
1Very good; excellent.
‘a superb performance’
‘the Bey of Tunis was building himself a superb mausoleum’
Mid 16th century (in superb (sense 2)): from Latin superbus ‘proud, magnificent’.
First Known Use of superb
1549, in the meaning defined above
History and Etymology for superb
Latin superbus excellent, proud, from super above + -bus (akin to Old English bēon to be) — more at OVER, BE
Merriam Webster online.
Superb is related to super, but the b at the end of superb is not the result of any alteration made to super. So how did we end up with this distinct adjective that is only a single letter different from super?
'Super' vs. 'Superb'
First, let’s look at super itself. In English it serves as an adjective (“did a super job”); an adverb (“a super funny guy”); a prefix with any of a number of meanings indicating that which is above and beyond what is ordinary (“supermoon”; “a hero’s superpowers”); and a noun formed by shortening any of several words prefixed by super- (such as "superintendent").
In Latin, super is a part of speech different from all of those—it’s a preposition meaning “above” or “over.”
Superb derives from the Latin superbus, which means “excellent” or “proud” and is formed by combining super with the Latin element –bus, essentially a form of “to be.” The word is sometimes translated as “haughty.”(Merriam -Webster. com )