Помогите срочно

  • I. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык. В разделе (б) обратите внимание на перевод пассивных конструкций.


    The reporter spoke about the work of the Clemency Commission. Докладчик говорил о работе комиссии по помилованию. Поля

    Spoke – Past Indefinite Active от нестандартного глагола
    to speak.

    1. The professional judges, ''High Court Judges'', deal with the most serious crimes.
    2. The member of Parliament is introducing the draft of a new prison law now.


    Cases are usually classified as civil, criminal and administrative ones. Дела обычно классифицируют (или классифицируются) на гражданские, уголовные и административные. Поля

    Are classified – Present Indefinite Passive от стандартного
    глагола to classify.
    1. Prisoners are housed in correctional institutions ranging from open prisons to high-security establishments.
    2. The first American penitentiary was built in Philadelphia to serve as a jail for all convicted felons.

    II. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в них Participle I и Participle II и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите, является ли причастие определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.


    1. While discussing this problem, we used some important documents dealing with the Charter of the UNO. 1. Обсуждая эту проблему, мы использовали несколько важных документов, трактующих Устав ООН. (или Когда мы обсуждали эту проблему, мы использовали несколько важных документов, трактующих Устав ООН). Поля

    (While)discussing – Participle I, обстоятельство.
    Dealing with – Participle I, определение.

    2. When questioned the suspect denied the fact that he had committed a crime. 2. Когда допрашивали подозреваемого, он отрицал тот факт, что он совершил преступление. (или При допросе подозреваемый отрицал тот факт, что совершил преступление.) Поля

    (When) questioned – Participle II, обстоятельство.
    (Had) committed - Participle II, составная часть
    видовременной формы Past Perfect Active от глагола
    to commit.

    1. Probation is a system of punishment of a person convicted of an offence avoid imprisonment.
    2. Voting independently, the General Assembly and the Security Council elect the judges of the International Court of Justice.
    3. When passed by the Supreme Court the sentence cannot be appealed.

    III. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык.


    1. The laws of Russia shall protect the life and rights of Russian citizens. 1. Законы России должны защищать жизнь и права российских граждан. Поля

    1. The punishment should be just in respect to each criminal and at the same time it should encourage the correction of the convicted persons.
    2. No person can be arrested without sanction of a procurator.
    3. The medical services in prisons shall include a psychiatric service for the diagnoses and the treatment of states of mental abnormality.

    IV. Перепишите следующие предложения, найдите и подчеркните в них Gerund. Предложения переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на функции герундия.


    1.Fighting crime is a very difficult task.

    2. After discussing this chapter of the Fundamental Law of the USA at the seminar we learned some interesting facts about the legal force of the Constitution of the USA and procedure for its amending.. 1. Борьба с преступностью – очень трудная задача. (или Бороться с преступностью – очень трудная задача.)

    2. После обсуждения этой главы Основного закона США на семинаре ( или После того как мы обсудили эту главу Основного закона США на семинаре), мы узнали несколько интересных фактов о юридической силе Конституции США и о порядке ее изменения. Поля

    1. All members states of the UNO have a voice and an equal vote in shaping a common course of action.
    2. The overall purpose of protecting society is deterring persons from committing a crime.
    3. After studying some penitentiary systems practically all European countries adopted the Pennsylvania system.

    V. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на бессоюзное подчинение.


    1. The teacher was speaking of special means, methods and forms the detectives are to use in their work. 1. Учитель говорил о специальных средствах, методах и формах, которые детективы должны использовать в своей работе. Поля

    1. The principles the progressives laid down in the UN Charter are just and humane.
    2. Penologists believe it is necessary to inform prisoners about their rights and duties.

    VI. Прочитайте и устно переведите текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите 1, 2, 3, 4 абзацы текста.


    1. Every British Parliament passes about a hundred laws directly by making acts of Parliament. As it can be a long process, Parliament sometimes passes a very general law leaving a minister to fill in the details. In this way it indirectly passes about 2000 additional rules and regulations.
    2. No new law can be passed unless it has completed a number of stages in the house of Commons and the House of Lords. While a law is still going through Parliament it is called a Bill. There are two main types of bills – Public bills which deal with matters of public importance and Private bills which deal with local matters and individuals.
    3. Public and Private bills are passed through Parliament in much the same way. New legislation in Britain usually starts in the House of Lords. In each house a bill is considered in three readings. The first reading is purely formal, to introduce a bill. The second reading is usually the occasion for debate. After the second reading the bill is examined in detail by one of the standing committees.
    4. The bill is then returned to one of the houses for the report stage, when it can be amended. If passed after its first reading, it goes to the other house. Amendments made to a bill by the Lords must be considered by the Commons. If the House of Commons does not agree, the bill is altered and sent back to the Lords. In the event of persistent disagreement between the two houses, the Commons prevail.
    5. Finally, the bill goes to the monarch for the royal assent. After receiving the Royal assent the bill becomes an Act of Parliament. Nowadays the Royal assent is purely formal.

    VII. Прочитайте 5 абзац текста и письменно ответьте на вопрос:
    When does the bill become an Act of Parliament?

  • Ответ найдете в пятом абзаце.