Помощь с заданиями

  • 1. Match the term and its definition
    1) effects a)the institution and conduct of legal proceedings against a person
    2) levy b) the formal signing of an act of Parliament
    by the sovereign, by which it becomes law
    3) board of customs c) an official document granting a right
    4) assessed tax d) a tax on goods, such as spirits, produced
    for the home market
    5) excise duty e) determined amount of a tax on a property
    6) letters patent f) the government department responsible for
    the collection of duties on imports or exports.
    7) Royal assent g) the act of imposing and collecting a tax, tariff,
    8) Prosecution h) personal property or belongings

    2. Translate the following words into Russian and learn their pronunciation:
    Safeguarding, hazardous items, apprehend, impede, customary, ordinance, entrust,
    revenue, merger, exchequer, implement, effectively, effects, legislation,
    regulations, enforce, warrants, entry.

    3. Insert the missing words from the box and translate the text

    an authority, customs duties, goods, forbidden, monitors, documentation, warrants, deemed, government, collection of revenue, effects, items, agency.

    Customs is … in a country responsible for collecting and safeguarding …and
    for controlling the flow of …including animals, personal … and hazardous … in
    and out of a country.
    Depending on local legislation and regulations, the import or export of some
    goods may be …, and the customs agency enforces these rules.
    The customs … may be different from the immigration authority, which …
    persons who leave or enter the country, checking for appropriate…, apprehending
    people wanted by international arrest …, and impeding the entry of others
    …. dangerous to the country.
    Customs is an important part of the … involved in one of the three basic
    functions of a government, namely, administration, maintenance of law, order
    and justice and ….

    4. Translate this short annotation to the text into English.
    В этом тексте описывается краткая история создания Управления тамо-
    женных пошлин и акцизных сборов в Великобритании. Дается хронология
    всех этапов его становления, начиная с 12 века. Раскрывается сущность
    понятия «таможня» и его первоначальное значение. Сообщается о функ-
    циональных обязанностях служащих этого государственного органа, а
    также приводятся примеры товаров, предметов потребления подлежащих
    когда-либо налогообложению.

    Three customs channels
    5. Study the words, find the sentences with these words in the text, translate
    1. go through customs – проходить таможенный досмотр
    2. to arrive in a country – прибывать, приезжать в страну
    3. customs channels – таможенные коридоры
    4. declaring goods – декларирование товаров
    5. separate – отделять, разделять
    6. banned – запрещённый
    7. restricted – ограниченный
    8. unlimited – неограниченный
    9. amount – величина, количество
    10. excise goods – облагаемые акцизом товары
    11. seize – конфисковать, налагать арест
    12. commercial use – коммерческое использование
    13. duty free – беспошлинный
    14. in cash – наличными
    15. carry out – выполнять, осуществлять
    16. unsure (unsure about ) – неуверенный
    17. excise duty – акцизный сбор
    18. VAT от value-added tax – налог на добавленную стоимость
    19. customs duty – таможенная пошлина

    6. Translate the following words into Russian and learn their pronunciation:
    receipt, merchandise, exceed, allowance, penalty, reimbursement, seizure,
    procedure, passengers, the European Union, alcohol, tobacco, the UK Border
    Agency, satisfy, fail, immediately.

    7. Read and translate the text.
    Three customs channels
    Passengers, arriving in the UK, will have to go through customs. Most UK ports
    and airports have three customs channels, while some have only one exit, with a
    red-point phone for declaring goods. There are countries, such as Canada and
    the United States that do not operate a red and green channel system. Customs
    procedures for arriving passengers at many international airports, and some road
    crossings, are separated into Red and Green Channels. Airports within the EU
    also have a Blue Channel.

    When to use THE BLUE CHANNEL
    Passengers use the blue channel if they are travelling from a country within the
    European Union (EU) and they have no banned or restricted goods. Travellers
    can bring in an unlimited amount of most goods.
    For excise goods such as alcohol and tobacco, there are no restrictions. However
    travellers must meet the conditions below:
    • Transport the goods themselves.
    • The goods are for their own use or as a gift. If the person they give the
    goods to, pays them in any way, then it's not a gift and the goods may be seized.
    If a customs official from the UK Border Agency (UKBA) thinks travellers may
    be bringing in excise goods such as alcohol and tobacco from the EU for
    commercial use - perhaps to sell to other people or simply for reimbursement -
    they may ask them questions and make checks. Travellers may be asked about:
    • the type and quantity of goods you’ve bought
    • why you bought them
    • how you paid for them
    • how often you travel
    • how much you normally smoke or drink
    If the customs official is satisfied that the goods are for a commercial purpose,
    he may seize them.
    When to use THE GREEN CHANNEL
    Passengers use the green channel if they are travelling from outside the EU and
    have with them:
    • no more than their duty free allowances
    • no banned or restricted goods
    • less than 10,000 euros (or equivalent) in cash
    Customs officials from the UK Border Agency (UKBA) carry out checks on
    travellers in the green channel and there are penalties for failing to declare
    goods. This can include seizure of the goods.
    Passengers should use the red channel or the red-point phone if they have:

    • goods that exceed their duty free allowances
    • any commercial merchandise in their baggage
    • 10,000 euros or more (or equivalent) in cash
    • any banned or restricted goods
    Travellers should also go through the red channel if they are unsure about what
    they need to declare.
    Travellers will be able to speak to a UKBA officer either in person or by using
    the red-point phone. Travellers should tell them everything that they are
    bringing into the country. The UKBA officer may ask to look inside their
    If travellers exceed their duty free allowances and have Customs Duty, Excise
    Duty or Import VAT to pay, the customs official in the red channel will tell
    how much to pay and travellers will have to pay it immediately. The customs
    official will give a receipt which travellers should keep as proof of payment.
    If passengers are using the red-point phone, they will be given instructions on
    how to make their payment.