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  • the 20th century there was nothing that could help you achieve labor market success
    more than a good education. Even today, education is one of the strongest predictors of whether
    someone 2)______ and how much he or she is paid.
    Yet, the rules have changed. High school 3)______ in 1950 could get you a solid, middle-class
    job. But a diploma today is a minimum 4)______ to get nearly any job — and, for most, it’ s not
    enough to get you into the middle class.
    5)______ of education policy and of career and technical education in particular, 6)______
    incredible changes in technology and the workforce. And, while degree requirements have changed,
    education continues to be the cornerstone of 7)______ preparation and success.
    1) a) while
    2) a) is employed
    3) a) degree
    4) a) need
    5) a) scholars
    6) a) saw
    7) a) occupation
    b) during
    b) has employed
    b) certificate
    b) stage
    b) scientists
    b) have seen
    b) trade
    c) for
    c) being employed
    c) qualifications
    c) obligation
    c) tutors
    c) are seeing
    c) work
    d) since
    d) employed
    d) level
    d) requirement
    d) professors
    d) seen
    d) job
    Career consultants always have a few tricks 8)_ _ their sleeve for those looking for a job.
    Go on and get it right! Read recruitment sections in newspapers and on the Internet. A good
    9)______ job with the promise of long-term employment can be difficult to find, so 10)_______ take
    a temporary job, even if it is only for a few months. Every day in most local newspapers there are
    attractive advertisements for both full-time and part-time jobs, so don’t miss them!
    When you’ve decided to apply 11)______ a job, send your application with a CV as soon as
    possible. Don’t forget to list all your qualifications (degrees and diplomas) and any previous
    12)______ you have with this kind of work.
    At the interview don’t be afraid to ask about working 13)______ (e.g. hours or holidays) but wait
    for the interviewer to mention the question of starting salary. Money is a delicate issue and being
    greedy will not get you a job. Dress for success! Put on smart clothes and wear something bright
    to 14) your confidence at the interview.
    8) a) in b) up c) under d) inside
    9) a) stable b) constant c) permanent d) frequent
    10) a) why don’t b) what if c) if not d) why not
    11) a) to b) for c) in d) on
    12) a) skills b) involvements c) practice d) experience
    13) a) benefits b) conditions c) trainings d) backgrounds
    14) a) boost b) enhance c) raise d )expand
    In Britain, education is 15) between the ages of 5 and 16. Most children go to
    schools, and only about 7% 16)______ fee-paying private schools or public schools. They are
    famous for their excellence and challenging for unusually clever students, but also appreciative of
    less academically-gifted personalities. Young people there are expected to show respect for their
    teachers and obey school rules. Students who 17)______ risk being excluded from school. They
    teach self-discipline, but creativity also. They are exciting, and at the same time, successful in
    conventional terms of percentage of examination passes and university entrances. Indeed, these
    schools 18)______ students live, work, and play together do seem to have more success in realizing
    their objectives than any other educational institution of our times.
    19)______ all schools work a five-day week; the day starts at nine and finishes between three
    and four. The school year is divided into three terms. A typical 20)______ includes Maths, History,
    Sciences, Languages, Art, Music, and Physical Education. A lot of schools offer a 21)________
    after-school activities such as choir, drama, and trips to interesting places. The main exams are
    GCSEs (school-leaving exams at 16), and А -levels (university entrance exams at 18). University
    students graduate after completing their first degree, usually in three years. Many students then
    continue their studies for a Master’ s degree, or a PhD.
    15) a) comprehensive b) general c) obligatory d) compulsory
    16) a) visit b) attend c) go d) prefer
    17) a) disbehave b) behave c) misbehave d) badly-behaved
    18) a) where b) which c) that d) what
    19) a) closely b) around c) about d) nearly
    20) a) course b) curriculum c) agenda d) programme
    21) a) a range of b) a set of c) a senes of d) a diversity of