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I was born in Almaty(when)
I live in astana(where)
I`ve got three cousins(how many)
I`m studying English, because it is an international languages(why)
I`ve been to Russia and Turkey(which countries)
I was playing computer games at 5 o`clock yesrerday(what)
She is going ti visit her grandparents on holiday(what)
We`re watching Tv tonight(wHAT)
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1 My image of Britain is far from truth.
2 There is not much to do
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1)RAM controls the performance of the computer
2)Program with a lot of graphics need a large RAM to run well.
3)We measure the size of the hard disk in gigabytes.
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-to decsribe his/her living-room
-how many new English words he/she hopes to learn on this course
-about his/her favourite sport
-to tell you two or three things he/she is not very good at
-what things about himself/herself he/she would like to change
-what he/she is going to do at the weekend
-about his/her favourite restaurant
Здравствуйте!!!!Помогите мне пожалуйса, мне нужно задать 5 типов вопросов к этому тексту
Engine Cooling, Air-intake and Starting Systems
The cooling system in most cars consists of the radiator and water pump. Water circulates through passages around the cylinders and then travels through the radiator to cool it off. In a few cars (most notably Volkswagen Beetles), as well as most motorcycles and lawn mowers, the engine is air-cooled instead (You can tell an air-cooled engine by the fins adorning the outside of each cylinder to help dissipate heat.). Air-cooling makes the engine lighter but hotter, generally decreasing engine life and overall performance. See How Car Cooling Systems Work for details.
Diagram of a cooling system showing how all the plumbing is connected
So now you know how and why your engine stays cool. But why is air circulation so important? Most cars are normally aspirated, which means that air flows through an air filter and directly into the cylinders. High-performance engines are either turbocharged or supercharged, which means that air coming into the engine is first pressurized (so that more air/fuel mixture can be squeezed into each cylinder) to increase performance. The amount of pressurization is called boost. A turbocharger uses a small turbine attached to the exhaust pipe to spin a compressing turbine in the incoming air stream. A supercharger is attached directly to the engine to spin the compressor.
Photo courtesy Garrett
See How Turbochargers Work for details.
Increasing your engine's performance is great, but what exactly happens when you turn the key to start it? The starting system consists of an electric starter motor and a starter solenoid. When you turn the ignition key, the starter motor spins the engine a few revolutions so that the combustion process can start. It takes a powerful motor to spin a cold engine. The starter motor must overcome:
• All of the internal friction caused by the piston rings
• The compression pressure of any cylinder(s) that happens to be in the compression stroke
• The energy needed to open and close valves with the camshaft
• All of the "other" things directly attached to the engine, like the water pump, oil pump, alternator, etc.
Because so much energy is needed and because a car uses a 12-volt electrical system, hundreds of amps of electricity must flow into the starter motor. The starter solenoid is essentially a large electronic switch that can handle that much current. When you turn the ignition key, it activates the solenoid to power the motor.
Next, we'll look at the engine subsystems that maintain what goes in (oil and fuel) and what comes out (exhaust and emissions).
1.What does the cooling system in most cars consist of? - специальный
2.Does water circulate through passages around the cylinders? - общий
3.Does water travel through the radiator to cool it off or to heat it? - альтернативный
4.What makes the engine lighter but hotter? - вопрос к подлежащему
5.High-performance engines are either turbocharged or supercharged, aren't they? - разделительный
Помогите пожалуйста составить вопросы к тексту. надо 8 вопросов - 2 общих, 2 специальных, 2 альтернативных, 2 разделительных вопроса.
Я некоторые абзацы из текста скину, а то он очень длинный.
The Bretton Woods agreement of 1944 established fixed exchange rates,
defined in terms of gold and the US dollar. Between 1944 and 1971, many
currencies were pegged against the US dollar, i.e. their parities with the
US dollar were fixed. In this period, a US dollar was a promissory note
issued by the United States Treasury. If anybody requested it, the Treasury
had to exchange the note for 1/35th of an ounce of gold. Under this system,
overvalued or undervalued currencies could only be adjusted with the
agreement of the International Monetary Fund. Such adjustments are called
devaluations and revaluations. The Bretton Woods system of gold
convertibility and pegging against the dollar was abandoned in 1971, because
following inflation, the Federal Reserve did not have enough gold to
guarantee the American currency.
In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the American, British and other
governments deregulated their financial systems, and abolished all exchange
controls. Residents in these countries are now able to exchange any amount
of their currency for any other these countries are now able to exchange any
amount of their currency for any other convertible currency. This has led to
the current situation in which 95% of the world's currency transactions are
unrelated to transactions in goods but are purely speculative. Enormous
amounts of money move round the world, chasing high interest rates or
capital gains, as investors - including rich individuals, companies and pension
funds - seek to maximize the value of their assets. In London alone, in the late
1990s, over $300 billion worth of currency was traded on an average day - the
equivalent of about 30% of the value of the goods Britain produces each year.
Banks, of course, make a profit from the spread between a currency's
buying and selling prices.
Yet international speculators can be more powerful than governments. For
example, on a single day in September 1992 the Bank of England lost five
billion pounds in a hopeless attempt to support the pound sterling. For weeks,
all the world's financial institutions and rich individuals had been selling their
as everyone except the British Government believed that the pound had
been seriously overvalued ever since it joined the ERM in 1990. When the
British central bank ran out of reserves and could no longer buy pounds, the
currency was withdrawn from the ERM and allowed to float, instantly losing
about 15% of its value against the D-mark. The next year, speculators
attacked five other European currencies, and the European Monetary System
was suspended. It was later reintroduced in a looser form.
1.Did the Bretton Woods agreement of 1944 establish fixed exchange rates?
2.Were many currencies pegged against the US dollar between 1944 and 1971?
1.When was the Bretton Woods system of gold convertibility and pegging against the dollar abandoned?
2.Why was it abandoned?
1.Do enormous amounts of money or goods move round the world?
2.Can international speculators be more or less powerful than governments?
1.Banks make a profit from the spread between a currency's buying and selling prices, don't they?
2.The European Monetary System was suspended, wasn't it?
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